Renewable Energy Myths Explained ~ Facts and Debunking
Renewable Energy Myths Explained ~ Facts and Debunking
Our Current Global Energy Paradigm
Every year more than six billion tons of carbon emissions pollute the air we breathe. Most of this pollution comes from burning fossil fuels, in which we find more than eighty percent of the world’s energy needs. As industrialization continues to evolve, populations increase, and so does their energy consumption. It’s a vicious cycle.
The global economic turnover of oil is very lucrative. Hundreds of billions of dollars are made each day from sales at the gas pump. With this image in mind, it’s easy to see why those few elite people in powerwould have a difficult time agreeing to see it go. This elite group pervades financial groups, lobbyist groups, think-tanks, politics, public relations, and the media. Possessing all of this clout, they try and convey that they represent popular opinion. In reality, they are lining their pockets while knowingly damaging the planet.
Climate Change Is Irreversible In Our Time
Unfortunately, scientists have concluded that climate change is irreversible in our time. Not only do the actions of the elite damage our environment but also place societies the world over in jeopardy when the eventual peak oil crisis hits the global economy. It is clear that a reliance on fossil fuels is unsustainable in every sense of the word. Ecologically, politically, and economically, fossil fuel dependence wreaks havoc. This paradigm will end sooner or later. The good news is that there are alternatives to fossil fuels and their popularity is growing.
What Is Renewable Energy?
Unlike fossil fuels, renewable energy regenerates and will never run the risk of depletion. There are five commonly used sources from which to draw renewable energy: biomass, hydropower, geothermal, wind, and solar. The category of biomass incorporates the following subcategories: wood and waste, municipal solid waste, landfill gas and biogas, ethanol, and biodiesel.
Why We Need to Transition to Renewable Energy
The Global Wealth and Investment Management Chief Investment Office of Merrill Lynch made the following four points:
As the world’s demand for energy resources increases, renewable energy sources will increase in importance
Solar and wind power show the most promise, as costs fall and concern over climate change increases
Coal, oil, and natural gas may remain dominant but will comprise a shrinking portion of global energy resources
The long-term potential for alternative energy sources remains strong; uncertain policies pose threats
It’s time for a call to action. Global energy is growing and is projected to rise by one-third from now until 2040. To meet this increasing demand, the world is turning towards renewable energy sources slowly but surely and looking to improve energy efficiency. In 2015, during the United Nations Climate Change Conference, 195 countries signed the non-binding Paris Agreement to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases, agreeing to reach the goal of limiting to 2 degrees Celsius the increase in increase in the average global temperature compared to pre-industrial levels. Both private and public companies have also increased their activity in the renewable sector.
Governments, corporations, and private investors have become more committed to climate change advocacy in recent years. This is a critical public health issue for many countries. In 2015, companies released more than 8,000 propositions on how to reduce global greenhouse gas emissions. Some conventional fossil fuel companies such as BP and Shell have pledged to play a larger role in alternative energy production and try to help keep rising temperatures at bay.
Alternative energy methods offer more economic benefits than you would know. Did you know that it is already cheaper than most of the other energy options in the world? Here are several of the most prominent opportunities it offers.
The Economic and Human Benefits of the Renewable Energy Switch
There are a huge number of people who are already employed in renewable energy jobs globally. In fact, there are almost 10 million of them. Of these people, slightly over 3 million are employed in the solar energy sector. Hydropower employs roughly 1.5 million people, and 1.2 million are in wind power employment. Advanced Energy contributed a stunning $1.4 trillion to the global economy in 2016. The U.S. portion of this contribution was roughly $200 billion.
In the U.S., President Trump shared his opinion regarding the importance of coal jobs but when put into context, their role is not that significant. The U.S. coal industry employs roughly 76,000 workers which is less than many industries. In fact, it’s a drop in the bucket – just 0.02 percent of the entire nation’s population. In comparison, over 260,000 Americans are employed by the solar industry. Wind power also easily employs more people than coal, weighing in at 100,000 U.S. jobs. In fact, in 2017, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) published an article stating that wind power technician was the fastest growing job in the country. Our current administration doesn’t mention that.
In one of its recent articles on renewable energy, the Union of Concerned Scientists made a great point: “Compared with fossil fuel technologies, which are typically mechanized and capital-intensive, the renewable energy industry is more labor intensive. Solar panels need humans to install them; wind farms need technicians for maintenance. This means that, on average, more jobs are created for each unit of electricity generated from renewable sources than from fossil fuels.”
Another economic benefit from renewable energy that doesn’t seem to get enough attention is human welfare. To paint a picture of this concept, renewable energy is scalable in places with little to no electricity. On a global scale, 1 billion people live with access to very scarce or no electricity. Home solar panels would give them a tool to change their lives for the better. Even in some of the poorest countries, solar power’s flexibility makes it desirable. In Bangladesh, 3.5 million solar-powered homes have been installed in rural villages. This dispels the rumor that solar energy is too costly.
So how would you begin to quantify the value of giving electricity to millions of people who lack it? Put simply, this benefit has to be huge. As people who live in countries where electricity is stable and readily-available, it is easy to think little of it. But in more rural, poor areas, solar power can be incredibly transformative. Similarly, reducing the use of coal (and eventually eliminating it) would greatly reduce associative societal costs.
Types of Renewable Energy Offered
The five commonly used types of renewable energy offered are biomass, hydropower, geothermal, wind, and solar. Many private and public enterprises are looking for clean, renewable energy sources to meet their energy needs. The motivation behind this decision could be financial, a desire to be more socially responsible, or a combination of the two. Renewable energy options can literally be found in the air, deep underground, and in oceans. Here are some ways that organizations could utilize if they are looking to go greener.
Solar energy functions through capturing and utilizing the sun’s energy directly. A variety of energy techniques can be employed to convert the sun’s light energy into heat, hot water, electricity, and cooling systems. Photovoltaic systems use solar cells to convert sunlight into electricity.
History of Solar Energy
In the last two centuries, we started using solar energy to make electricity. In 1839, Alexandre Edmond Becquerel discovered that certain types of materials were conducive to carrying an electric current after prolonged exposure to light. Moving on to the 1950s, Calvin Fuller, Gerald Pearson, and Daryl Chapin discovered the silicon solar cell. In 1956, the first solar cells were available commercially. The 1970s brought about a new way to lower the cost of solar cells. Today, we see solar in a great variety of places. It powers homes, cars, businesses, and even aircraft.
How Does Solar Energy Work?
In a nutshell, here is how solar energy works. The sun shines down on solar panels, generating direct current (DC) electricity. This energy is fed into a solar inverter that converts it into alternating current (AC) electricity. This AC electricity is used to power appliances in your business or home.
Any excess electricity not used by home and business owners is then directed back into the electric grid and then discharged elsewhere whenever needed.
Some home and business owners have even reported that some utility companies will “buy” their net energy for full price from them and write them a check. All the while, home and business owners watch their utility meters spin backward! So in a way it does indeed “pay to go green”.
Wind energy is actually a form of solar energy. This term describes the process by which wind is utilized to generate electricity.
History of Wind Energy
Since early recorded history, man has utilized wind energy. Wind energy pushed boats along the Nile River as early as 5000 BC. As early as 200 B.C., simple windmills were constructed in China to pump water. In Persia and the Middle East, vertical-axis mills were used to grind up grain.
How Does Wind Energy Work?
Wind energy works by converting the kinetic energy in wind into mechanical power. A generator can be used to convert mechanical power into electricity.
As detailed by the picture on the left, the turbine blades are connected to a generator with a conductor attached. This conductor has magnets within in it. The wind will then spin the blades which will turn the magnets, generating an electrical current.
In order to generate the most electricity, a sensor connected to the turbine while rotate in whatever direction to best catch the wind as well as move the turbine blades.
The electrical current is then diverted into the electrical grid to power various homes, businesses and other utilities throughout the country.
Hydro & Ocean Energy
There are two types of energy that can be produced by the ocean: energy from the heat of the sun and energy from the motion of the tide and waves.
History of Hydro & Ocean Energy
Like wind power, man began to harness the power of falling water long ago. The history of hydropower began over 2,000 years ago when the ancient Greeks employed water wheels to grind grain.
How Does Hydro & Ocean Energy Work?
The ocean’s thermal energy can be converted into electricity using a variety of different systems. Hydro energy harnesses heat from the water’s surface temperatures. Ocean mechanical energy takes advantage of the ebbs and flows of tides caused by the the earth’s rotation and gravitational pull of the moon.
Through an engineering feat, hydroelectric damns are built lower as the descension of falling water will turn the turbine located near the bottom of the water discharging area. The turbine (like wind energy) is connected to a conductor which is then transmitted via an electrical transformer.
Interestingly, the greater the descension, the greater the speed at which the water will fall and this in turn will generate more electricity.
Biogas is a methane produced by the fermentation of organic matter.
History of Biogas Energy
The concept that fermenting matter gave off a combustible gas was comprehended at the time of the ancient Persians. In modern times, the first sewage plant was constructed in Bombay in 1859. It was brought to the UK in 1895 when the gas was used to light street lamps.
How Does Biogas Energy Work?
Biogas systems utilize a relatively simple, well-known technology. The main part of a biogas system is the large tank. Inside of this tank, bacteria convert organic waste into methane gas through the process of anaerobic digestion.
Biogas produces usually 70% methane and 30% carbon dioxide as well as some other gases.
The methane gas produced is then converted into mechanical energy through a combustion system (most notable car engines) or the methane produced can also harnessed be used to create electrical energy.
Instead of “stopping” the mechanical energy produced, the energy can transferred to a generator which can then produce electricity.
Biomass is a renewable energy source derived from living or recently living plant and animal materials and used as fuel. In more technical terms, it is a form of organic matter that has stored sunlight in the form of chemical energy. Some examples of biomass include wood, waste from wood, manure, straw, sugarcane, and other byproducts from agricultural processes.
History of Biomass Energy
Technically, man has used biomass as a source of heat energy when he first successfully discovered and utilized fire to his advantage. In modern times, the use of biofuels such as ethanol has been around for the past two centuries. Ethanol was often used as lamp fuel during the 1800s.
How Does Biomass Energy Work?
A biomass-fired power plant gives off electricity and heat by burning biomass within a boiler. The most commonly-used boilers are hot water and steam. Wood, residues, and other forms of biomass are used in boilers in the same way as coal, oil, and natural gas.
Most of the time, wood takes precedence due its abundant nature. The boiler will burn the wood which will release its chemical energy in the form of heat. This heat can then be used to heat homes and in some instances generate electricity.
However, biomass is a laborious process and requires the constant demand for more, so while its an option worth pursuing, biomass often takes a “back seat” to other renewable energy.
Geothermal energy is energy generated and stored in the earth itself. The Earth’s internal heat is actually thermal energy generated from radioactive decay and constant heat loss from the Earth’s formation.
History of Geothermal Energy
In 1904, Italian Prince Piero Ginori Conti successfully tested the first geothermal electric power plant. Steam was used to generate power. Later on, in 1911, the world’s very first geothermal power plant was built there.
How Does Geothermal Energy Work?
Geothermal energy can be harnessed to make electricity. A geothermal power plant works by tapping into hot water reservoirs underground; the heat is used to power an electrical generator. In the U.S., most geothermal plants are located in the west, where hot water reservoirs are fairly common. The first US geothermal plant was built in 1960 in a mountain range north of San Francisco, California
There are three common types of geothermal energy plants; the dry steam plant, the flash steam plant and a binary cycle plant. Each type though relies on the steam generated from the heat.
There are also ways to channel the geothermal heat to cool and warm both residential areas and industrials areas. These are called geothermal heat pumps are either “closed loop systems” or “open loop systems”
Countries Leading the Way in Renewable Energy
Who is embracing solar energy? Wind? Geothermal? Countries that do are providing the blueprint for global growth in the renewable energy sector. We need to scale back on fossil fuels and move forward with renewable energy – fast. Read on to learn more about these nations that are going green with alternative energy sources.
Did you know that Iceland generates 100% of its electricity from renewable energy? Seventy-five percent comes from large hydro and twenty-five percent comes from geothermal energy through tapping the roots of their volcanic island. Now, they are the world’s largest clean energy producer per capita.
In 2015, Sweden raised the bar by challenging themselves to reach an ambitious goal: Eliminate fossil fuel usage within their borders. Immediately after announcing this goal, the government began ramping up their investment in solar, wind, methods for energy storage, clean transport, and smart grids. Do you want to hear the best part? The Swedes are challenging everyone to join them in this race towards a sustainable future.
The United States of America
We all know that carbon dioxide from electricity generation is the primary cause of anthropogenic climate change. Countries that utilize wind and solar power have been proven to reduce these emissions. According to academic studies conducted by the Nature Climate Change, future projected costs for wind and solar as well as carbon dioxide emissions from the electricity sector can be reduced to prior 1990 levels. This comes without an increase in the cost of electricity.
With current technologies and even without the need for additional electrical storage, these reductions are possible. The U.S. still has a long way to go. According to the Energy Information Agency (EIA), through the first half of 2016, renewable energy including hydroelectric power, biomass, geothermal, wind, and solar power provided only 16.9 percent of electricity generation.
Right now, Kenya is constructing Africa’s biggest wind energy farm; it will generate one-fifth of the country’s power. The project will consist of 365 turbines and is projected to achieve 68% load factor, making it the most efficient wind power farm in the world.
This is just one part of Kenya’s plan to add 5,000 MW of power to its grid within the next three years. Like many other African countries, it has been highly-dependent on hydro and fossil fuels but wind energy is projected to insulate the country’s power tariff by offering a lower cost and more consistent power source.
Morocco is lighting the way for African in renewable energy use. In 2016, they held the COP22 conference in Marrakech. They have held to their commitment to demonstrate green credentials. Some of their methods include banning plastic bags, replacing old methods of public transportation with clean transport, launched Africa’s first city bicycle scheme, and launched a new initiative – the Adaptation of African Agriculture. This initiative will help the continent’s farmers adjust to the effects brought on by climate change.
In 2015, 99% of Costa Rica’s energy came from renewables. Thanks to its unique geography and commitment to environmental integrity, Costa Rica meets a majority of its energy needs through using hydroelectric, geothermal, solar, wind and other low-carbon-producing energy sources. What’s next on the horizon for them? They’ve announced a plan to be entirely carbon-neutral by the year 2021.
In terms of renewable energy, China is in many ways, striking out on its own. If you’re wondering how the world’s largest producer of carbon emissions can be a leader of renewable energy, you’re about to find out. While it may seem counter-intuitive, in 2014, China had the greatest wind energy capacity by a long shot. They also have the second-highest solar PV capacity. They have committed to phasing out coal and moving towards clean air. Six examples of their mind-boggling renewable energy projects include the Longtan Hydropower Station in Guangxi, the Solar Road in Jinan, the Donghai Bridge Wind Farm, Three Gorges Dam in Hubei, the Panda Power Plant in Shanxi, and Shenzhen electric bus systems in Guangdong.
Denmark is on track to have 50% renewable energy by 2030. Last year, wind power accounted for 43.4% of consumed electricity. According to the Danish Minister of Energy, “Denmark is on track to surpassing its EU energy targets” which is to have at least 50% of its energy needs supplied by renewable resources by 2030, against a current one third, and zero fossil fuel energy by 2050.”
When it comes to renewable energy, Germany has set the trend. It currently leads the world in solar PV capacity and has even been able to meet seventy-eight percent of its daily electricity demand from renewables. For a country of over 80 million people, Germany certainly has a bright future ahead for solar energy.
After ten years of concerted effort, Uruguay now gets an astounding 95% of its energy from renewables. It’s a great example that going renewable doesn’t have to take a lot of time and require generous subsidies. The country heavily invested in wind and solar without subsidies or increases in consumer costs. What’s their secret? Strong decision-making, supportive regulatory environments, and a great alliance between the public and private sector in this effort.
The United Kingdom
So how green is Britain’s record on the renewable energy scale? Approximately one-half of the power generated within the UK comes from low-carbon sources. These methods include wind, solar, nuclear, and biomass. The UK has more offshore wind power capacity than any other country in the world. Solar power is a large reason the national grid went without coal power for 24 hours in April 2017, and nuclear stations usually provide one-fifth to one-quarter of UK power.
Nicaragua has also joined the clean energy revolution, pledging to go 90% renewable by the year 2020. Historically speaking, the country has been very dependent on foreign oil imports. Now, they are trying to change that. Government officials have already begun to tap into all of Nicaragua’s natural resources – strong winds, solar energy, and geothermal energy from 19 volcanoes.
Why Do Myths About Renewable Energy Exist?
Among a large percent of the global populace, there is an ignorance about renewable energy. Opponents of turning to a green alternative source often cite that it is too expensive, not scalable for mass use, is bad for the environment, harms local animal populations, and causes a carbon footprint. All of these myths are wrong. More often than not, they are perpetuated by leaders in the fossil fuel industry or paid off government officials. Take a look for yourself as we debunk the most common myths about renewable energy.
Myth 1: Renewable Energy Is Too Expensive
In recent years, the cost associated with installing wind and solar energy has plummeted. Today, renewable energy actually presents the most economically sound solution for new capacity in a number of countries and regions.
Putting this aside, let’s take a look at the hidden costs of coal and nuclear energy. These types of energy have huge costs that are not displayed on the price tag up front. We are talking about the costs of water pollution, health impacts, and climate change. For example, in the United States, accounting for these costs triples the price tag of electricity generated by coal per kWh.
The evidence doesn’t stop there. There are no input costs associated with wind and solar energy. For example, while one needs to purchase a coal-fired plant to generate electricity, solar and wind don’t have those costs. Put simply, sunlight and wind are free. As a result, they replace more costly market production items, lowering wholesale electricity prices. It’s a win-win situation for the planet and consumers.
Myth 2: Renewable Energy Is Not Scalable For Mass Use
Renewable energy is already at work, providing a mass use for countries around the globe. According to the International Energy Agency, “any country can reach high shares of wind [and] solar power cost-effectively.” In addition, Germany, Europe’s largest economy (and home to 80 million people), already gets 25% of its energy from renewables. It is aiming to reach 80% by the year 2050. According to the American Wind and Energy Association, nine states are getting 12% or more of their energy from wind. Iowa and South Dakota both exceed 25%.
Myth 3: Renewable Energy Is “Bad For the Environment”
We will also go ahead and address the myth that renewable energy harms local animal populations and land here, and noise complaints, as well as the myth that it causes a carbon footprint.
Animals: A common argument against renewable energy wind farms is that they kill birds and bats. However, if environmental impact assessments are conducted and the migratory patterns of birds and local birds are taken into account, this is avoided completely. These assessments are vital with wind farms, as with any other developmental project.
Land Use: Land that is used for renewable energy projects can be used simultaneously for farming and cattle grazing. It doesn’t have to be one or the other. The record from international renewable energy projects has demonstrated that livestock is completely unaffected by the presence of wind and will often graze up to the base of wind turbines.
Noise: Studies have shown that noise complaints, particularly those involving wind farms, are actually unrelated to actual noise. In most cases, people actually opposed the farms on the grounds of aesthetics. Noise complaints also drop off when local communities realize that they will benefit fiscally from the renewable energy projects in question.
Carbon Footprint of Renewables: Unlike coal and nuclear energy, renewable energy pays off its carbon footprint. Furthermore, it does this very quickly. For example, depending on where they are made, solar panels can offset their carbon footprint within just four years.
Specific Misconceptions and Myths Surrounding Renewable Energy
Let’s take a look at specific myths and misconceptions revolving around the topic of renewable energy
MYTH: Solar Energy Can’t Supply Enough Energy via The Electric Grid 24/7
Renewable energy can meet all of our needs in a way that is both safe and reliable. The key here is to mix resources and spread them over a wide area: solar power, wind, biogas, biomass, and geothermal sources
MYTH: The Electric Grid Can’t Handle Renewable Energy
An electricity grid is capable of handling large shares of renewable energy if it is properly designed to do so. Typically, companies who claim bringing wind and solar energy will harm the grid are out of touch with the latest technology. For example, Europe can switch to 77% renewable electricity by 2020 while maintaining energy security
MYTH: Solar Energy Is Not Efficient Enough
While all generators are prone to problems, the ones associated with solar power are not related to efficiency. For example, a power plant’s efficiency could exceed 70% and still be an expensive source of power. Efficiency is just one of many factors that determine the cost
MYTH: Solar Energy Is Unreliable
Utilizing energy storage systems can overcome this problem. Another important point is that solar cells can be integrated into everything now because of their thin-film technology. Many of these devices generate their own energy, reducing the dependency on solar energy alone
MYTH: Solar Energy Does Not Work Well in Cold and Rainy Climates
Solar panels only need to get UV light, so even cloudy and rainy days offer energy production. Fun fact, when solar powers are cold, they actual conduct electricity better
MYTH: Solar Energy Requires A Constant Tracking System For the Sun
Solar energy is continually evolving. However, the basic panels and systems have not changed all that much. Today’s systems are incredibly efficient
MYTH: Solar Energy Is Too Expensive
Solar powers have become much more affordable over the years. Quite often, the government offers upfront savings and incentivize businesses and homeowners to invest in solar panels. With financing and solar lease options, this form of energy is becoming increasingly affordable to every business and homeowner
MYTH: Solar Panels are Obtrusive and an Eyesore
This all depends on your personal preference. Solar panels have become more sleek and attractive as of lately. Installers are constantly seeking ways to develop solar panels and install them unobtrusively
MYTH: Wind Energy is Unreliable
The same answer to the the myth that solar powers are unreliable can be applied here. Utilizing energy storage systems can overcome this problem
MYTH: Wind Energy Affects Bird Populations and Ecosystems
If environmental impact assessments are conducted and the migratory patterns of birds and local birds are taken into account, this is avoided completely
MYTH: Wind Energy is Not Efficient Enough
Wind energy is very efficient, especially when paired with generators and energy storage systems
MYTH: Wind Energy is Noisy
Manufacturers of wind turbines have turned to low-noise rotor blades
MYTH: Wind Energy Negatively Affects Housing and Tourism
There is no solid evidence showing that wind energy negatively affects housing prices. In fact, government inspectors have continuously rejected the claims that wind turbines damage home value and tourism
MYTH: Wind Farms are Visually “Ugly”
Let’s just say beauty is in the eye of the beholder. However, studies in the UK have shown that 80% of the public support wind energy, less than 10% are against it, and the rest are undecided
Biogas is Unsanitary
“Biogas as an alternative energy is a part of the solution in overcoming fuel supply issues within the community. In addition to the abundant supply of biogas materials within the community, materials such as human and animal excrements, domestic waste is also ecologically friendly,” says Wasis Sasmito of Hivos-Yayasan of the Rumah Energi BIRU Consortium
Biogas is Only Economical
at a Certain Scale
“Occasionally the government put this campaign simply as a program. It is not positioned as a necessity which must be continuously implemented and intensified within the community when an energy crisis is looming,” said Wasis
MYTH: Biomass Energy Causes Forest Devastation
Simply because a new market emerges does not mean forest owners will line up to harvest woodlands. In fact, recent research in the states of Wisconsin and Pennsylvania show that providing wood for energy does not equate to a motivation for future timber harvesting
MYTH: Biomass Energy Releases More Carbon into the Atmosphere
This is true for several years following the harvest. However, after these forests have replenished their soil capital, the regenerating forests actually absorb carbon at a faster rate than before, purifying the air and environment
MYTH: Biomass Energy Exhausts Soil Nutrients
This is highly unlikely. Most of the popular research showing soil nutrient capabilities demonstrate that biomass harvesting is feasible on most soil types and forest types
MYTH: Biomass Energy Doesn’t Create Many Jobs
This is simply not true. Jobs lie within the procurement, handling, and support in the feedstock supply chain
MYTH: Energy Plantations Displace Land Used for Forests and Local Crops
First, it is far too costly to clear forests for energy plantations. Second, that would be counterproductive. Third, revenue from energy plantations is not in competition with that of traditional forest or food crops. Fourth, some of the places to grow energy crops lie on some (not all) of the millions of acres of retired productive farmland
MYTH: Biomass Energy Is Not Sustainable
While there isn’t enough wood to sustain biomass energy, it can be obtained from many other natural resources. Its products aren’t running dry any time in the near future
MYTH: GEOTHERMAL ENERGY IS FINITE
Geothermal energy is renewable and will never deplete. As long as the earth exists, so will abundant geothermal energy
MYTH: GEOTHERMAL ENERGY MINING CAUSES POLLUTION
Electrical power from geothermal energy does not create pollution. Modern, closed-loop geothermal power plants do not emit greenhouse gases. In fact, they consume less water on average than most power generation techniques
MYTH: GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS TAKE UP A LOT OF SPACE
Geothermal energy actually has the smallest land footprint of any similar energy source in the world
MYTH: GEOTHERMAL ENERGY IS ONLY ACCESSIBLE IN CERTAIN PARTS OF THE UNITED STATES
Geothermal energy pumps can be utilized in any part of the country since all areas have pretty constant shallow ground temperatures. They are very affordable as well
Ocean & Hydro Energy
“Marine Energy is a Dead End, the return of investment isn’t worth it”
The small channel of water between northeastern Scotland and Orkney contains some of the most concentrated tidal power in the world. The energy from the peak flows has been estimated to be greater than the needs of a city the size of London
“Hydro energy damages the environment”
Of course careful design and measures have to be taken to ensure the system has minimal impact on ecology. The Environmental Agency requires stream levels to be maintained at a certain level in order to sustain the life it holds
“A large water reservoir is required”
Most small-scale hydro systems require very little reservoir (or sometimes none) to power their turbines
“Small streams generate amounts of energy”
The energy output from hydropower is dependent on two factors: the stream flow and the drop – or the vertical distance the water will fall through the turbine
“Hydro energy produces low quality energy”
Using the latest electronic equipment, including inverters and alternators, a hydropower supply has the potential to be of higher quality than a main electrical grid
We need energy democracy. Renewable energy is ubiquitous, offering a new generation of energy that is free from the abuses of an elitist monopoly. Renewable sources like wind and solar power are critical to meeting the planet’s growing demand for energy – and in addressing the growing threats facing our planet from wreckless pollution.
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